Spinning

Combed Spinning
Service

Combed Spinning
Service

 

Your customized yarn

In Biella we produce yarn using staple or tops from vegetable, animal and recycled synthetic fibers. We are able to provide spinning services for new projects by offering our customers the possibility to blend different fibers and create an exclusive yarn with fibers supplied by us or the client himself. We can work the samplings starting from 10 / 20Kg and afterwards also manage big productions. The fibers or staples that we can spin are: Hemp, Himalayan Nettle, Bamboo, Soya, Milk Fiber, Crabyon, Tencel-Lyoncell, GOTS and GRS Certified Cotton (recycled GRS), Linen, GRS certified Silk, GOTS certified wool, native wool, Cashmere, Camel, Mohair, Alpaca, Yak, Recycled Nylon, Biodegradable Nylon, Recycled Polyester.

 

 

 

Your customized yarn

In Biella we produce yarn using staple or tops from vegetable, animal and recycled synthetic fibers. We are able to provide spinning services for new projects by offering our customers the possibility to blend different fibers and create an exclusive yarn with fibers supplied by us or the client himself. We can work the samplings starting from 10 / 20Kg and afterwards also manage big productions. The fibers or staples that we can spin are: Hemp, Himalayan Nettle, Bamboo, Soya, Milk Fiber, Crabyon, Tencel-Lyoncell, GOTS and GRS Certified Cotton (recycled GRS), Linen, GRS certified Silk, GOTS certified wool, native wool, Cashmere, Camel, Mohair, Alpaca, Yak, Recycled Nylon, Biodegradable Nylon, Recycled Polyester.

The process

Within the company's production cycle, Maeko gives an important role to the yarn production phase. Maeko’s yarns are made with a wool-cut combed spinning cycle.

This is a production cycle that is suitable for all those fibers that have technical characteristics similar to wool. This similarity primarily concerns the length and fineness of the fibers. The term combed indicates that these fibers, in order to be prepared for spinning, require a process that is obtained using combs. Just as we comb our hair, we also comb our fibers. The goal of combing is to parallelize the fibrous package as much as possible to facilitate spinning.

Combed spinning for wool is divided into two fundamental processes: preparation for spinning and the spinning.

Spinning preparation is divided in two cycles: low preparation and high preparation.

In low preparation, there are generally 3 to 4 machines called intersetting. All these machines use combs, which have the task to parallelize the fibers and guarantee high quality in the production cycle. The draw frames decrease the linear weight of the processed material. In the high spinning preparation, machine called finisher is used.

The combing we have just described, lowers the weight of the material per linear meter, generally indicated in grams per meter. The initial weight of a “tops” of material is about 30 / 40gr per meter, while at the end of the preparation for spinning, the weight’s of 0.20 / 0.30gr per meter. The reduction of the linear weight takes place while maintaining the maximum quality, through a very accurate control during the stretching and processing phase.

At the end of the preparation process, through the use of intersetting and the finisher, we will have obtained a reel. This reel is the element that will subsequently be handled and taken to the actual spinning department.

Ring spinning machines are used in spinning which are called rings, on which the reels are loaded. A number of parallel fibers are piled into what is called a wick. The wick passes inside the spinning machine, where it is stretched, further losing weight. During stretching, the rotating ring members impart torsion to these fibrous elements, transforming the wick into yarn. The yarn is a stable, non-stretchable element, which will then be used to create knitwear or furnishing or clothing fabrics.

The last package that comes out of the spinning is called a spool. Each spool weighs from 80 to 140 grams, depending on the material used.

A complementary operation to spinning is that of winding. The bobbins are unrolled, electronically controlled and joined by automatic systems. This creates a continuous element of yarn which is wrapped in packages weighing about 1.5 / 2kg depending on the type of material. The yarn of the bobbins will be used directly on the looms, or it will be coupled and twisted with other yarns to create another yarn even more resistant or with the specific characteristics sought by the customer.

The winding operation is a very important step for quality control, which is performed with advanced technology tools.

The process

Within the company's production cycle, Maeko gives an important role to the yarn production phase. Maeko’s yarns are made with a wool-cut combed spinning cycle.

This is a production cycle that is suitable for all those fibers that have technical characteristics similar to wool. This similarity primarily concerns the length and fineness of the fibers. The term combed indicates that these fibers, in order to be prepared for spinning, require a process that is obtained using combs. Just as we comb our hair, we also comb our fibers. The goal of combing is to parallelize the fibrous package as much as possible to facilitate spinning.

Combed spinning for wool is divided into two fundamental processes: preparation for spinning and the spinning.

Spinning preparation is divided in two cycles: low preparation and high preparation.

In low preparation, there are generally 3 to 4 machines called intersetting. All these machines use combs, which have the task to parallelize the fibers and guarantee high quality in the production cycle. The draw frames decrease the linear weight of the processed material. In the high spinning preparation, machine called finisher is used.

The combing we have just described, lowers the weight of the material per linear meter, generally indicated in grams per meter. The initial weight of a “tops” of material is about 30 / 40gr per meter, while at the end of the preparation for spinning, the weight’s of 0.20 / 0.30gr per meter. The reduction of the linear weight takes place while maintaining the maximum quality, through a very accurate control during the stretching and processing phase.

At the end of the preparation process, through the use of intersetting and the finisher, we will have obtained a reel. This reel is the element that will subsequently be handled and taken to the actual spinning department.

Ring spinning machines are used in spinning which are called rings, on which the reels are loaded. A number of parallel fibers are piled into what is called a wick. The wick passes inside the spinning machine, where it is stretched, further losing weight. During stretching, the rotating ring members impart torsion to these fibrous elements, transforming the wick into yarn. The yarn is a stable, non-stretchable element, which will then be used to create knitwear or furnishing or clothing fabrics.

The last package that comes out of the spinning is called a spool. Each spool weighs from 80 to 140 grams, depending on the material used.

A complementary operation to spinning is that of winding. The bobbins are unrolled, electronically controlled and joined by automatic systems. This creates a continuous element of yarn which is wrapped in packages weighing about 1.5 / 2kg depending on the type of material. The yarn of the bobbins will be used directly on the looms, or it will be coupled and twisted with other yarns to create another yarn even more resistant or with the specific characteristics sought by the customer.

The winding operation is a very important step for quality control, which is performed with advanced technology tools.

It is difficult to come across a Biella region who has never had anything to do with textiles and we are no exception.

In the early 1900s my great-grandfather was head of the preparation department inside the still famous Lanificio di Tollegno and, as tradition wanted, he professionally raised his son (my grandfather) finding him employment with his own qualification in the wool mill itself.

Commitment and devotion and above all attitude made him understand that the most suitable path for him was to undertake an activity on his own.

Thus the Spinning S.Agata was born in 1950 in the outskirts of Biella.

Those were the years of the so-called "BOOM", when Italian manufacturing textiles gained substantial points compared to all the other world markets.

So it was that on the basis of new projects, after leaving the S.Agata spinning mill, the Filatura Rey was born in Cerreto Castello in 1960, in an area that soon became the nerve center of the most important spinning mills in whole Biella: in less than a kilometer in addition to the aforementioned Rey spinning we found the Emerald spinning, the F.lli Suppa spinning, the Bocchietto spinning, the Safil spinning, the Filnova, just to name the most important!

Work was the engine of the Biella’s company and the whole family, my mom in the offices and her two brothers in the direction of the departments, found employment in the spinning mill.

In an overall vision focused on the development of the family, my grandfather thought of relocating and expanding the production line, creating the Filarte Manufacture in 1972. My dad and mom embarked on this new initiative with enthusiasm, immediately focusing on the process of "special" items: in an era where standard processing was focused on wool and blends, working other fibers corresponded to working special yarns.

The years passed by working with the utmost commitment galvanized by a strong demand, the Biella area was one of the most economically developed territories in Italy and Europe. After completing the technical studies, I entered the company in 1991 trying to bring new life and that little bit of modernity that the production context needed, but approaching the 2000s, the difficulties related to the first "wailing" of a phenomenon called Globalization began, with everything what ensued, in every aspect.

The working dynamics have thus acquired new forms and the transfer of the business to Mr. Mauro Vismara coincided with his desire to bring a significant change and his pride in drawing energy from a solid and concrete past.

New challenges await us, confident of having a unique experience of its kind, combined with the dynamism and resourcefulness of Mauro Vismara!

Walter Bianco

 

It is difficult to come across a Biella region who has never had anything to do with textiles and we are no exception.

In the early 1900s my great-grandfather was head of the preparation department inside the still famous Lanificio di Tollegno and, as tradition wanted, he professionally raised his son (my grandfather) finding him employment with his own qualification in the wool mill itself.

Commitment and devotion and above all attitude made him understand that the most suitable path for him was to undertake an activity on his own.

Thus the Spinning S.Agata was born in 1950 in the outskirts of Biella.

Those were the years of the so-called "BOOM", when Italian manufacturing textiles gained substantial points compared to all the other world markets.

So it was that on the basis of new projects, after leaving the S.Agata spinning mill, the Filatura Rey was born in Cerreto Castello in 1960, in an area that soon became the nerve center of the most important spinning mills in whole Biella: in less than a kilometer in addition to the aforementioned Rey spinning we found the Emerald spinning, the F.lli Suppa spinning, the Bocchietto spinning, the Safil spinning, the Filnova, just to name the most important!

Work was the engine of the Biella’s company and the whole family, my mom in the offices and her two brothers in the direction of the departments, found employment in the spinning mill.

In an overall vision focused on the development of the family, my grandfather thought of relocating and expanding the production line, creating the Filarte Manufacture in 1972. My dad and mom embarked on this new initiative with enthusiasm, immediately focusing on the process of "special" items: in an era where standard processing was focused on wool and blends, working other fibers corresponded to working special yarns.

The years passed by working with the utmost commitment galvanized by a strong demand, the Biella area was one of the most economically developed territories in Italy and Europe. After completing the technical studies, I entered the company in 1991 trying to bring new life and that little bit of modernity that the production context needed, but approaching the 2000s, the difficulties related to the first "wailing" of a phenomenon called Globalization began, with everything what ensued, in every aspect.

The working dynamics have thus acquired new forms and the transfer of the business to Mr. Mauro Vismara coincided with his desire to bring a significant change and his pride in drawing energy from a solid and concrete past.

New challenges await us, confident of having a unique experience of its kind, combined with the dynamism and resourcefulness of Mauro Vismara!

Walter Bianco